Apartheid en Cuba
We run various sites in defense of human rights and need support in paying for servers. Thank you.
Recent Comments

    The Actors of the Change in Cuba

    The Actors of the Change in Cuba (working translation)


    Speech delivered during the International conference Democratic change
    in Cuba: who are the actors?, Stockholm, Sweden, 6-7 february, 2006.


    The Havana regime has consolidated the inflexibility as the best
    alternative of survival under the traitor leadership of Fidel Castro,
    who is followed by a number of persons capable to centralize power and
    authority in Cuba.

    These representatives of tge orthodox fundamentalists and the followers
    of Castro have dominated the country’s destiny for more than four
    decades, acting under cover of intolerence, indecency and constant
    violation of political, economical, social and cultural rights for the
    Cuban people.

    The political actions by the regime have always been outlined to confuse
    the people and to show a certain legitimacy from the artificial
    scenario. The fanatics let themselves be pulled by the transmitted
    mystery of revolution under a talkative and bewildered leader that bases
    his discourse in a supposed humanism.

    However, his personal behaviour is that of predatory despot with a
    censorship superior to the Torquemadas. He is capable to mutilate the
    opportunities for all who oppose this image and ambition to govern with
    the rigor of a whip rebellion under the proscription of being intellectual.

    Despite the existence of these variables, a growing group of Cubans have
    begun to challenge the inflexibility and they have begun to construct a
    change where political participation is a right shared by all in a way
    so that it by majority effort can generate the construction of a
    democratic and plural society.

    What are the actors of change?

    An actor of change is the person capable of taking the proactive
    initiative to produce transformations in favor of himself and the
    others. An actor of change assumes the responsibility of mobilizing the
    others’ awareness according to their initial orientation in order to
    construct value systems beneficiary to society.

    What are the social changes?

    The social changes are necessary movements as a result of constant
    confrontation between different tendencies. In Cuba the static
    government has caused a reverse developement, neglecting the citizens,
    the public space for debate in this matter and for the aim of all Cubans.

    Speaking about changes it is important to consider three essential
    aspects for the implementation of the change:

    First, a clear definition of the problem in very specific terms.

    Secondly, It’s necessary to examine the operations which were
    implemented but failed, and to propose and implement better methods in
    order to achieve desired results. That is, define the particular change and:

    Thirdly, Formulate a new plan in order to go through with these changes.

    In order to identify the actors of change it is crucial for the leaders
    in charge to promote:

    – A clear undestanding between the natural citizens and a democratic
    struggle within reach.
    – A culture that anticipates the changes.
    – A leadership with high responsibility of sustainable democratic
    – A great capacity to break the passivity, creating systems of values
    and to reduce the fear.
    – The creation of voluntary associations within the communities and to
    – Consolidate the values of liberty in search for better results for
    future generations.

    Who are the actors of change in Cuba?

    The actors of change in Cuba are identified and to great extent, they
    promote these principles despite the limited information they access.
    They have all defined a strategy of peaceful struggle, and of
    non-violence, through mobilization of the citizens in order to demand
    respect for fundamental rights.

    Embrace a broad spectrum of different political group formations with a
    design that welcomes all the current parties in the political philosophy
    recognized internationally. Formations run from Liberals, to Social
    Democrats, passing through Christian Democrats and other less
    influential variations but that harmonize with the conformation of these

    Among these are the different groups and projects on an emerging civil
    society that have stated a difference in the functioning and social
    organizations in the revolutionary Cuba. The presence of independent
    social organizations with communitarian projections is an enormous asset
    in the alternative projects on the island. Directed towards Space of
    opportunity in order to strenghten and nurture capable of assuming a new
    challenge where the regime has lost the content to act and where the
    people demand more attention.

    In the same way, the creation of a parallel space of information has
    generated suspicions and doubt on an international level, about the
    truthfulness of the media of the Cuban regime. This has been possible
    through the effectivity of a group of professionals in free journalism
    that have broken the models of censure, in order to bring through to the
    world and share it, through different channels, with the Cubans that are
    survivors of the internal reality on the island.

    Figures with political tendencies, but mainly for their enormous effort,
    permit a clear identification of the best structured and functioning
    actors of change on the Island through an enormous effort by the names
    of political tendencies.

    The Christian Democracy has two invaluable milestones; The Movement of
    Christian Liberation and Osvaldo Paya Sardiñas. The first one, has
    outlined a constant citizen mobilization in order to summon the “call
    out” of the rights through the reunion to a referendum that permits the
    Cubans to choose the most adequate of political and social coexistence.

    Today, without appeal of doubt, the MCL is counting on a broad social
    base through the mass of people who supposedly is supporting the Castro
    model in Havana, only through degradation by fear.

    Their leader, Osvaldo Paya Sardiñas has elevated the profile of the
    Cuban Democratic Movement, as nobody before him. His perseverance and
    intelligence, puts him in the position of a main figure for the destiny
    of a future Democracy in Cuba.

    The Social Democracy contains two group formations. One is presided by
    Vladimiro Roca Antúnez as the leader of The Socialdemocratic Party of
    Cuba and the other one is the Corriente Social Democratic Party run by
    Manuel Cuesta Morua. They both persist in the implemenation of a
    political model with a solid structure of social opportunities.

    Vladimiro Roca, strategically speaking, is one of the candidates, with
    great probability to play the lead in a leadership role in a post-Castro
    Cuba. Whereas Osvaldo Paya Sardiñas has reflected the great majority of
    Cubans desire of change internationally, Vladimiro Roca has turned into
    a facilitator between the liberalizers in the nomenclauture, the
    ultraconservative and the democratic movement in Cuba.

    Manuel Cuesta Morua, represents the politician and the intellectual of
    future Cuba. As a scholar of his own reality with a very particular
    vision. His framework, emarginated from the other groups, has created a
    certain singularity in his political propostions. He has motivated the
    creation of certain consensus, which unfortunately doesn’t seem to be
    completely understood by the actors of change on the Island. The major
    common obstacle for the Corriente Socialist and the Social Democratic
    Party is in their social base which hasn’t been able to grow to the same
    extent as the Varela Project.

    Another important actor for a democratic Cuba is Martha Beatriz Roque
    Cabello. She has shared a leadership with other prominent figures from
    the internal opposition such as René Gómez Manzano and Felix Bonne
    Carcaés, all in groups within the Assemble in Order to Promover Civil
    Society. This political formation is by many considered a conservative
    group among the Cubans in opposition. This denomination has created
    distrust among those who defend a less belligerent posture. After all,
    the concepts supporting the Assemble doesn’t in its essence distinguish
    the appeal of the majority of the Cuban opposition groups.

    There are other political formations with a leadership visible all over
    the country. For example: Democratic Solidarity and Cuban Liberal Party
    that among the others are establishing projects with very attractive
    policies. They have capacities to mobilize a public awareness that could
    be forming strategic and intelligent alliances with other groups, if all
    actors possess the will and culture to form a highly sophisticated
    political consensus.

    The Independent Library (BI) as an Agent of Change

    The Independent Libraries has been one of the most attractive projects
    with the greatest impact these last years within Cuba. They arose when
    the Cuban governor in a sharp comment declared “…In Cuba there are no
    prohibited books, we just lack the money to buy them”. From this moment
    a new concept of civil struggle was generalized against the tropical
    totalitarianism. The tropical totalitarianism bases its strategy in the
    defense of intellectual liberty and the free access to information.

    We began promoting “de facto” literature without censure and creating
    space to contribute books. There the Cubans for the first time in many
    years could find any literature that they wanted to get a hold of
    without the obstacle of an ideological dogma or postulated politicians.

    A long history of official censure was broken when these community
    centers begun distributing information. Information has more than once
    been said to mean power. Under the conditions of a Stalinist style
    dicatorship, information is a process of growth and intellectual and
    human developement, that permits to break the devilish illusions that
    the marxistic ideology has given form to in order to paralyze the
    citizens. In Cuba, there is an urge for liberty and information. The
    libraries provide access to a varied channels of informative material
    that is only accessible in spaces that are independent of total control.

    Let me briefly introduce you to the history of censorship in Cuba
    through some words stated by Fidel Castro. The 14th of June in 1962 in a
    reunion with the Cuban intellectuals he said “ everything within the
    revolution, outside the revolution, nothing”. These words indicated the
    course of the regime in the political culture. From that moment on, the
    work and persons who disagreed with the model were persecuted all over
    the island. This provoked serious sanctions and Mea Culpa against brave

    In 1972, in the Editorial politics Castro “In Cuba, just as in a
    question of principle there are books where not even a page, a paragraph
    or a word deserves to be published.”. The 9th of July in 1989 in one of
    the editorials published bu the el diario Granma official organ of the
    only Cuban party, Castro asserted “…we reserve ourselves the right to
    inform the people what we think is convenient”.

    Listening to the repeated intolerence throughout history we can perceive
    the value of the independent libraries and the role that it plays today
    and the challenge that it faces in a free and democratic Cuba.

    The Independent Libraries are actors of change because they have taught
    millions of Cubans to think and enlarge their space of mind in order to
    give them orientation in moral values, principles of liberty, of justice
    and of democracy. The task of the Indpendent Libraries is not limited to
    offer books but they also develop a job in the community to incorporate
    the citizens in the mobilization of their rights. They have been so
    effective that they now carry the merite of having destroyed the
    absolute control of information that had been controlled by the regime
    until march 1998. Their attraction is to keep offering information
    without censorship in an atmosphere of abolutism and proscription.

    The BI are also actors of change because they are annunciating the
    necessity to raise the level of political culture among the people for a
    future life within democracy. The democracy is a challenge that should
    be assumed with responsibility and with a high sense of social
    commitment. This is possible to achieve when the people’s cultural
    health avoids dictators and dogmatic and populist ideas. Changing the
    mentality of a nation is difficult and the tha challenge is even greater
    when the error and devaluation has turned into daily life and a
    permanent morbidity paralyzed from enthusiasm and the spirit of a nation.

    Our centers are opened to the people, and the dissidents on the island
    are now counting on a free space in order to consolidate and
    professionalize their political projects. These spaces permit to erect
    the project that the Cuban nation relies on.

    We wish that this event will serve to grow in this spirit and in the
    capacity to extend a will to construct an intelligent strategic unity
    towards the interior of my country. A strategy capable of mobilizing the
    citizens in reclaim of their rights.

    We hope that the channels will be more effective and convenient in order
    to accelerate the transition. This is necessary. To be on the alert. But
    it has a cost. Assumption is the best duty. Being the protagonist of it
    doesn’t mean to enter guards on the island, but to share this challenge
    by showing solidarity with the Cuban democrats. To globalize the
    solidarity towards the Cuban opposition and their leaders should be the
    best praise and the greatest assumption by all who loves and defends
    liberty in the world.

    Many ideas can be introduced to offer support to the Cuban opposition.
    Let me finish up presenting some of these ideas for you.

    First: To design a massive and transparent handout of assets, including
    finances, to the Cuban opposition so that they can equilibrate the small
    space that they have seized from the regime. Through this, they may be
    able to promote the “No Cooperation” with the system. Moreover, most
    convenient would be to send medicine, food, radio receptors, videos and
    most important; information about democratic countries and the
    opportunities of free systems.

    Secondly: That the European countries open their embassies in Havana
    towards the sector that giv
    es most dignity to the Cuban people. This
    idea will permit to oppress the myth about the confrontation between
    Cuba and The United States while elevating the solidarity profile from
    other regions in the world. In the same way it is of great essence that
    Europe helps out looking for a multilateral effect for Cuba in order to
    give it the same treatment as Europe gave to the dictatorship Agusto
    Pinochet in Chile and to the apartheid regime in South Africa.

    Thirdly: To run a media campaign on international level where the truth
    about violation of political, economical, labor, social and cultural
    rights in Cuba and like many democratic countries get involved with the
    Cuban question. It is important to demonstrate how the world political
    left show their solidarity to the Havana regime and turn its back on
    Cuban people. At the present the violation of human rights is getting
    worse and worse and the silence about these barbarities has to be broken

    Thank you very much


    Leave a Reply

    Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *